In the Early Years Foundation Stage there are 7 areas of learning; 3 of which are deemed the Prime Areas and the 4 Specific Areas. Each area is split into their separate Early Learning Goals, which is what your child will be working towards, and assessed against, at the end of Reception. Within Reception we will also focus on developing the Characteristics of Effective Learning within your child. These characteristics focus on how children learn; therefore they run through and underpin all seven areas of learning and development. As enduring characteristics, pertaining to lifelong learning, they need to be continuously observed and fostered but cannot be described in a developmental sequence.
|PRIME AREAS of LEARNING
|COMMUNICATION AND LANGUAGE (CL)
|Listening and Attention
|Children listen attentively in a range of situations. They listen to stories, accurately anticipating key events and respond to what they hear with relevant comments, questions or actions. They give their attention to what others say and respond appropriately, while engaged in another activity.
|Children follow instructions involving several ideas or actions. They answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their experiences and in response to stories or events.
|Children express themselves effectively, showing awareness of the listeners’ needs. They use past, present and future forms accurately when talking about events that have happened or are to happen in the future. They develop their own narratives and explanations by connecting ideas or events.
|PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT (PD)
|Moving and Handling
|Children show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements. They move confidently in a range of ways, safely negotiating space. They handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.
|Health and Self-Care
|Children know the importance of physical exercise, and a healthy diet has on good health. They can talk about ways to keep healthy and safe. They manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including dressing and going to the toilet independently.
|PERSONAL, SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT (PSED)
|Self-confidence and Self-awareness
|Children are confident to try new activities, and say why they like some activities more than others. They are confident to speak in a familiar group, will talk about their ideas, and will choose the resources they need for their chosen activities. They say when they do or don’t need help.
|Managing Feelings and Behaviour
|Children can talk about how they and others show their feelings. They can talk about their own and others’ behaviour, and its consequences, and know that some behaviour is unacceptable. They work as part of a group or class, and understand and follow the rules. They adjust their behaviour to different situations, and take changes of routine in their stride.
|Children play co-operatively, taking turns with others. They take account of one another’s ideas about how to organise their activity. They show sensitivity to other children’s needs and feelings, and form positive relationships with adults and other children.
|SPECIFIC AREAS of LEARNING
|Children read and understand simple sentences. They use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately. They also read some common irregular words. They demonstrate understanding when talking with others about what they have read.
|Children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds. They also write some irregular common words. They write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others. Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.
|Children count reliably with numbers from one to 20, placing them in order and saying which number is one more or one less than a given number. They can use quantities and objects to add and subtract two single-digit numbers. Children can count on or back to find an answer. They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing.
|Shape, Space and Measures
|Children use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems. They recognise, create and describe patterns. They explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical language to describe them.
|UNDERSTANDING THE WORLD (UW)
|People and Communities
|Children talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members. They know that other children don’t always enjoy the same things, and are sensitive to this. They know about similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions.
|Children know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things. They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another. They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.
|Children recognise that a range of technology is used in places such as homes and schools. They select and use technology for particular purposes.
|EXPRESSIVE ARTS AND DESIGN (EAD)
|Exploring and using media and materials
|Children sing songs, make music and dance, and experiment with ways of changing them. They safely use and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour, design, texture, form and function.
|Children use what they have learnt about media and materials in original ways, thinking about uses and purposes. They represent their own ideas, thoughts and feelings through design and technology, art, music, dance, role play and stories.
|CHARACTERISTICS OF EFFECTIVE LEARNING
|Playing and Exploring – Engagement strong
|Finding out and exploring
|Playing with what they know
|Being willing to ‘have a go’
|Active Learning - Motivation
|Being involved and concentrating
|Keeping on trying
|Enjoying achieving what they set out to do
|Creating and Thinking Critically- Thinking
|Having their own ideas
|Choosing ways to do things